D'Arcy from Winnipeg
Solution Architecture, Business & Entrepreneurship, Microsoft, and Adoption

Why I Don’t Pay Speakers to Speak at My Conference

I had a few conversations at Prairie Dev Con this week with people who were shocked to find that I don’t pay the speakers I invite to my conference. There’s also been some popular blog posts over the last year from Seb Lee-Delisle and Jenn Lukas that encourage speakers to push for travel & hotel coverage along with reimbursement for speaking at an event.

So – why don’t I pay my speakers? Simple – I can’t.

Well, that’s a little simplistic, so let me explain.

First, context – I run my conference in Canada. I believe that with the fantastic North American speaker pool available to us, the conference shouldn’t be limited to just Canadians speaking. There’s much we can learn from those south of the border and I don’t think we’d have the diversity of speakers and sessions if we didn’t include them. Once I began covering speaker airfare last year in addition to hotel, the number of responses exploded – which is good for the conference and it’s attendees.

Unlike the US DHS and State Department, the Canadian government’s Citizenship and Immigration Department has a much better website with clearer definitions of who can do what in Canada, and whether additional steps are required. There’s a page dedicated to policy, procedures, and guidance around public speakers – you can find it here.

In Canada’s view, there’s two different types of speakers that can come to Canada without requiring a work permit: those doing a seminar at a University, a short intensive course of study or a conference of specialists (so speakers at a technology conference who aren’t getting paid), and those who are “commercial” speakers who perform their own seminars, sell tickets, etc. (think someone from the US coming up to sell their ‘How to Get Rich in Real Estate’ course or something like that).

What is not included in either of those two definitions are…

…commercial speakers who are hired by a Canadian entity to provide training services, or guest instructors of a particular sport coming to teach weekend seminars. Training activities are viewed as providing a service to Canadians, and therefore are considered an entry into the labour market. In these cases, other entry options must be explored including ESDC/SC Labour Market Impact Assessments or the NAFTA Professional category which allows for professionals to provide training services under some circumstances.

I do think its silly that someone from the US can come up to sell whatever under the “commercial speaker” banner, and yet I as a conference organizer can’t provide any payment to my speakers because its considered an entry into our labour market, but those are the rules. That Labour Market Impact Assessment by the way costs upwards of $1000. Each. So if I was to pay my speakers, it would be $1000 up front for the Canadian government to determine if a Canadian could perform the same role. For a small regional conference, its not financially feasible.

Why not just pay Canadian speakers then and not American ones? At least someone would be getting paid, right? Unfortunately here’s how border logic would look at that: Even though the American wasn’t getting paid, Canadians are receiving payment and therefore the American would be taking the place that a Canadian could have been paid. This could result in not only the American speaker being denied at the border, but also having them finger-printed and entered into the CBSA system, causing him/her to be flagged in future border crossings and pulled into secondary. What I just described happened to…ahem…someone I know very well, albeit going from Canada to the US. I would not anticipate the Canadian border to be any different in its views.

You may know of conferences that pay speakers, either in the US or in Canada. From my research, and from what I’ve seen/heard in talking to people, those instances rely on speakers successfully lying to border agents as to what they’re doing in the destination country. I will never suggest this as an option, as it destroys the credibility of my conference as well as puts the speakers at huge risk.

I try to make my speakers’ experience as positive as possible: airfare paid, hotel paid, arrange airport pick up, and have a huge speaker dinner. From what I read about conferences in the US, US speakers don’t always get all of that for much larger events and the feedback I get from my speakers is typically positive; they want to come back, even without getting paid.

If you encounter a conference that doesn’t pay speakers to speak, consider that if they invite international speakers there may be more at play than just budget. I do believe that conferences should look at covering as much as possible for speakers though (airfare, hotel, food, etc.), regardless of honorarium.

If you have questions about running a conference, or if you have thoughts on this blog post, please leave a comment below!



Thoughts from PrDC 2015

I wrapped up my 9th Prairie Dev Con this week. I’ve been running conferences since 2009 (earlier if you count Code Camps I guess), and after 2 SDECs and 9 PrDCs, I’m finding that I still learn something new every time. Here’s some thoughts from this year’s event.

Mobile Apps are Essential

This year I updated the conference website for the second time since 2010, although this one was a total re-write instead of tweaking the colour scheme. Moving the site to BootStrap gave the site a mobile-friendly experience, but there’s still limitations to what you can do. For next year I *have* to have a good mobile app and that will be a top priority.

One option I’m looking at is guidebook, which has a free tier that fits with Prairie Dev Con (free for max 200 downloads). I’m going to test it out for Regina this June.

Closing Commentary – Thinking About This

I’ve never done a closing keynote but I’m starting to consider it. The opening keynote definitely sets a tone and kicks things off, but after two days of learning I’m wondering if having a closing commentary on what’s been seen and heard isn’t a good thing. Still noodling on this.

Treat Your Venue As Your Partner

It’s very easy to look at a venue as a business transaction. I’ve dealt with venues in the past that definitely approached it that way, and I felt the conference was nothing more than another line item on a revenue report. The Winnipeg venue, CanadInns Polo Park, is fantastic though and over the two years that I’ve run PrDC there we’ve created more of a partnership than simply a customer/vendor relationship. Feedback I gave last year has been incorporated into how they run things this year, which resulted in a better overall experience for all attendees.

That’s not to say that we didn’t have a few blips, but I’ve found if you treat your venue as an extension of your conference – in that if the venue improves, your conference and attendee experience improves – you get way more value than if you argue over dollars for slight inconveniences.

Making Feedback Mandatory

As I look through the session feedback, there’s lots of people who will select from the drop downs (“How was the speaker?” “Excellent, Alright, Not Great, Horrible!”) but never leave comments. I’m thinking of enforcing comments for the next conference. If you thought someone was excellent, why were they excellent? If you thought someone was not great, why were they not great? Speakers really do want to get better, and really do want to hear feedback. I need to come up with a way to ensure that happens.

Don’t Run a Conference in Winnipeg in March

I think some of my speakers are still thawing off. Winking smile

These are the thoughts I have right now – may blog more thoughts as they come.


A Windows Guy and His iPhone – Day 1 - 4

I was thinking of how to open this blog – to contrast the fact that I’ve been a Microsoft guy for so long and now here I am with an iPhone device, except…it doesn’t matter here in 2015. The days where the devices you used showed some sort of weird loyalty/allegiance to a given company or tech stack are gone. It’s not about lines in the sand, its about collaboration and accessibility across all platforms.

Still, I’ve been a Windows Phone user since 2012 and while I have a Mac at home its basically a Netflix device for my kids; I just couldn’t get over the speed issues of running Windows in a VM or booting into Windows with Boot Camp. My world runs mainly in Windows aside from music and iTunes. So as I transition away from Windows Phone to iPhone, I thought I’d blog my first few days using the device to give not only a review of the iPhone 6 itself but also compare it to the Windows Phone experience and talk about what I like and what I miss.

Day 1

I picked up the device in late afternoon, around 5:30 PM. Space Grey with a Case Mate case and a screen protector made of tempered glass. The phone itself is really slim, but with the case I picked out it has more of an iPhone 5S feel to it which in my big paws feels more comfortable.

Battery was mostly charged and as I write this Day 1 report almost 24 hours later I’m at just under a 1/4 battery.

Friends told me that Touch ID, where you basically user your fingerprint to perform actions (among other things, unlocking your phone), was cool. I thought it was gimmicky but after a day I don’t know how else I’d secure a device without it. Fantastic feature and one Windows Phone should definitely emulate.

One of the great things about Microsoft here in 2015 is their support for iOS. Office apps for iOS are fantastic and work really well! I already have One Drive set up and configured to store any pictures/videos I take. Easy integration and great UIs, better than what I had on my Windows Phone! Well…except email.

I was excited to try Outlook for iOS. I was not excited to hear about the security issues that have arisen. Although I’m thinking I could use it again with notifications turned off, but then there’s still the risk that my corporate IT will block its use which means the win of having a great calendar is lost. If MS can fix those issues in short order, then all good. But Windows Phone’s stock email client is much better than the stock iOS one for handling multiple email accounts…or maybe I just need to be more open to how Apple does it. Hey, its only Day 1 here.

This thing is probably the best iPod I’ve ever owned. Music sounds amazing, better than the Nano’s I used to own! My Nokia 920 was only passable and the XBox Music service never won me over – too clunky and awkward to use. iTunes runs very well on the iPhone 6.

Battery indicator of 20% just came up. Still impressed with battery life. Considering I left it on all night uncharged.

I need to see if I can get a replacement keyboard for this thing. OMG, seriously why is there no period on the MAIN KEYBOARD?! I have to hit “Shift” just to end a sentence?! And no distinction between being in upper or lower case mode? And where’s my “.COM” button?! The Windows Phone keyboard DESTROYS the Apple keyboard. Totes McGotes.

I need to get familiar with how volume/sounds work. On my Windows Phone I would hold down on the volume buttons and when it hit 0 it would go to Silent/Vibrate mode. The iPhone…doesn’t. In fact, you can NEVER get to 0 on volume, you’ll always have some level of volume – unless you toggle a physical button that puts the device on silent?! Why would this not be a software thing? Maybe this wouldn’t be so bad except I can’t actually get to the toggle button due to my case (bad design there Case Mate). So some weirdness there to be addressed.

Day 4

So a few things about my Day1 comments:

The hardware silent button thing – turns out that the design reasoning is that without having to look at or turn on your phone, you an flip a switch and it goes silent. Certain Android phones accomplish this by turning the phone screen side down on a surface. Windows Phone just happens to use the volume buttons. OK, so not a bad thing – just a different thing.

The keyboard isn’t as bad as first made out to be either – it just displays different default layouts based on what application you’re in.

<UPDATE> Thanks to The Lazy Admin for pointing out the shortcut to get a period to show up and how to get .COM (among others) to show up:



Also the stock email client is actually pretty good. At first I was trying to figure out why I had to go to a different screen to setup my email accounts instead of doing it from the main application, until I stopped and realized that Windows Phone does the same thing – the only difference is that on Windows Phone you get a separate mail icon for each account. When I first mentioned this, my buddy Rodney commented that “Apple could call that ‘clutter’” and I assumed that was just typical Green Bay Packer fan elitism…but he’s right! I way prefer the ability to see all email accounts in one stream (and still have the option to look at each one individually) from a single application. Also handling emails (mark as read, delete, etc.) is fantastically easy in the Mail app.

OK…so those things out of the way…


Last night was my mom’s birthday and it was my first chance to test out the camera. First impression – really impressed! My Nokia 920 had a good camera but it was SO SLOW to actually take a picture, whether with the software or hardware button. And because of the touch-reactive buttons on the Nokia you had to hold the camera carefully if using the screen button because you could easily go back to the main screen or hit the back button. Those issues are gone on the iPhone! I can take so many more pictures in succession as well! Love the camera, can’t wait to try out the slow-mo and other features (and see if there’s other camera apps available like my Nokia had).


One of the nuances of switching platforms is discovering how the new one handles user experience/user interface. I’ve found this is somewhat hit and miss in the iOS world.

Facebook – Love it! Fast, responsive, easy to consume content, easy to see notifications. One thing to note though – I don’t post a lot to Facebook, I’m more of a consumer. I make this statement because the Facebook uses the same type of UI paradigm as Twitter, and…well…

TwitterHATE IT! Worst. Twitter. Client. Ever. But let me tell you why.


So this isn’t my Twitter feed, its just a pic from Google. Note that Timeline, Notifications, Messages, and Me are buttons at the bottom. Yet for some reason there’s three options of lists I can get to by swiping – one that says Discover and one that says Activity.

What I expected was that if I swiped I’d get to Notifications or Messages or Timeline…but I guess I’ll just push buttons. This is a minor thing compared to my big issue with the UI – tweet creation.

If I’m holding my phone in my left hand, I can’t start a new tweet without either using my right hand to press the “compose” button in the top right corner or switching how I hold the phone in my left hand so I can reach it. In Windows Phone the Twitter application was fantastic – I could browse my lists AND create tweets one-handed.

At first I thought that this may just be an issue with iOS UI standards since Facebook does the same thing (although at least in Facebook the button to compose a post is on the left hand side too…must suck for right-handed users though). But its not. Slack.com has an awesome iOS app, with post-composition right at the bottom easily accessible. The stock Mail app has the compose button on the bottom right, which is still within thumb reach. The Facebook messenger app has the same layout as Twitter though, with compose being in the top right.

I thought there would be better UI/UX standards for iOS, and maybe some of these issues are due to the iPhone 6 and 6+ being so large compared to previous incarnations of the iPhone.

Slack – Fantastic app – although I’m only using the chat feature right now and not any of the other integration channels for attachments and file sharing.

Mail – Like I mentioned earlier, I actually really like the stock mail app that comes with iOS. Outlook was good too, security issues aside, but from a pure mail point of view I don’t see too much difference in UI. I think where that might change is in calendar integration where Outlook includes a calendar in-app instead of spreading it around to multiple apps.

If you have any comments or suggestions on apps I should check out, ping me on Twitter and let me know or leave a comment below! More adventures with my iPhone coming soon!

Mobile Dev with VS.NET Talk Resources

Thanks to everyone who came out to my talk on Mobile Dev with VS.NET last week at the Winnipeg .NET User Group! Below are links from the session content. First, I wanted to clarify something…

The last question we took asked if there was a learning curve for developing Android in Xamarin. I answered thinking from a .NET point of view – C# conventions are still in place but the framework you develop with may be different.

Tyler Doerksen pointed out to me that the question could have been about how Android applications are actually architected/developed and not about C# itself. In this light, yes developing an Android app isn’t like writing a traditional Microsoft application but I don’t know that its really all that different either. It would be like switching from C# to Java – things are familiar, but some things are new and different. There’s always a learning curve when switching to a new platform, but the Xamarin tools remove some of that by providing familiar IDE (Visual Studio) and language (C#).

OK – now to the links.

Xamarin Platform

Here’s where you can download the Xamarin tools. You can also view the various tiers at a glance here, which shows features available and the pricing. Note that while there is a Starter level, its limited in a few ways:

Your apps are limited in size and can’t leverage 3rd party libraries

You won’t have access to Xamarin Forms

Although it doesn’t list it, supposedly there is Visual Studio plugin support at the Starter level (or it was to be added by the end of 2014).

Xamarin Evolve Sessions


All sessions from last year’s Xamarin Evolve conference are available online! Lots of fantastic sessions here, I’d absolutely recommend going through them!

Xamarin Forms

If you want a fantastic intro to Xamarin Forms, here are two videos from the above Xamarin Evolve sessions to check out (no links – they just embed them in the same page and pop-out the video when you click play):

Your First Xamarin.Forms App
Craig Dunn

Building Cross-Platform Applications with Xamarin, Xamarin.Forms, and MVVM Light
Laurent Bugnion

Visual Studio Tools for Apache Cordova

Here’s where you can get all the info and the tools to start developing with Apache Cordova in Visual Studio!

If you have any other questions feel free to comment below or hit me up on Twitter!


2014–The Year of Being Personal

Another year is in the books, and in keeping with last year’s “Applied Life Lessons…” theme, here’s the 2014 edition.

A guy with the same name as my dad, who had a similar career path too, passed away the other day and his obituary showed up in the paper. My dad started getting calls wondering if he had passed away and found it amusing that he had to correct so many people. “The guy was in his eighties, I’m not that old!” was his jovial response.

But none of us are “that old”. Any of us could be waking up to our final day of existence and not know it, regardless of what decade you’re currently living your life in.

On March 1st the Winnipeg tech community lost Dean Clarke, a co-founder of the consulting firm Apptius. It wasn’t a long, drawn out disease that claimed him but a sudden attack that gave no warning. At his funeral it wasn’t his technical or business achievements that were talked about; instead it was his love for family, his interactions and relationships he held with others, and his passions and interests.

Dean was committed to the Winnipeg tech community, and would always make himself and his company resources available to help out. Everything with Dean was personal – you saw him, you talked to him, you knew him.

This past Fall I attended the MVP Summit and also the legendary party at Ted Neward’s place. Rocky Lhotka was there and it struck me: this moment may not have happened.

First, if you don’t know who Rocky is – creator of CSLA framework, author of numerous books, speaker at user groups, code camps, and conferences (as well as organizer), CTO at Magenic, Microsoft MVP, Microsoft Software Legend…and I could go on. One of the things about Rocky though is he’s extremely approachable and open and has had a huge positive impact on the development community.

And in 2013 he could have died.

Visual Studio magazine did a great video-story on Rocky and what he went through – having not one but two aortic aneurisms over period of a few months. He talks about how when the first one happened, if not for a lab tech who pushed for a CT scan after seeing some anomalies in blood work, the stress test they had planned to run on him probably would have killed him. He was that close.

Towards the end of the interview, Rocky says this…

“I so much enjoy what I do that I’ll spend huge amounts of time learning new technologies. Those things are ephemeral – .NET, Visual Basic, they come and go over time. If there’s any one thing out of this, its a better appreciation or remembrance that these things come and go but your family doesn’t and your friends don’t. There are things that are much more permanent than the things we sometimes focus too much on in our careers.”

My blog was thin this last year, but my personal picture library is full of friends, family, and our shared experiences. If you asked me what my proudest moments were, it wouldn’t be the successful project work I completed but my oldest daughter getting a band award, my youngest passing her swimming lessons, and celebrating my 17th wedding anniversary with my wife…just to name a few. Was Prairie Dev Con a success? Yes – but for me what I remember most is being with my friends & colleagues, and creating this conference experience together.

I’ve found myself at a place in life where work accomplishments are intrinsic achievements that bring me personal gratification and satisfaction instead of outward fame and acknowledgement. The work I do, I do because its interesting, fulfilling, and brings me in contact with people that I want to do work with. That’s really become the key takeaway of 2014 for me – the importance of being personal in all facets of life and how important human interaction is to my own humanity. We’re built to be social creatures, with empathy and intelligence to use to further our shared experience.

I was talking with a friend who shared how a year ago their company had set marching orders to double in size in 5 years. This put strain on the sales teams and there was noticeable frustration. Now, executives have realized that was the wrong thing to measure – sales goals didn’t dictate how to achieve them, just what to achieve; and it was eroding the cultural values of the organization. They switched focus away from sales growth targets back to their DNA – be a great company, with great people, doing great work; sales achievements would be a side effect of being great.

It’s all about people.

Dean was a great person who put relationships first before personal accolades and achievements. Rocky is a great person with huge achievements and accolades, yet the respect he has from the developer community stem from his genuineness and openness with people. My friend’s company realized that real success came from being true to yourself and not to a ledger line item.

I’m committed more than ever to do things in 2015 that allow me to work and engage with people – building and experiencing things together, growing together, changing the status quo together. And not just in a work context – family, friends, people in my city and neighbourhood. It’s not about me, its about us.

None of us know how much time we have left here, so why not work together and make the most of our shared experience?

Canada’s Tech Heart Beats – Winnipeg’s Emerging Tech/Startup Scene

Winnipeg is known for cold winters, the Winnipeg Jets hockey team, and…well, probably not much else. To be honest, the prairies are typically ignored by Eastern and Western Canada aside from decade old stereotypes. But its always those you don’t expect that surprise and impress.

Over the last few days the Winnipeg technology and startup communities flexed their collective muscles to show that amazing things are happening in Manitoba, and that Winnipeg can’t be ignored anymore.

Hacking Health

The first ever Hacking Health Winnipeg event was held over the weekend, bringing technology, creative, and business people together with health care professionals to brainstorm solutions to health care problems and needs (article via ChrisD.ca on the event).

Global Day of Code Retreat

Amir Barylko along with others organized this year’s GDoCR – a day-long event where software developers get together to hone their skills in a collaborative environment. It was hosted this year in Ile Des Chenes, a community just outside of Winnipeg and home to Bold Innovation Group who are taking the Manitoba tech landscape by storm with their Shopify products.

Speaking of Bold Innovation Group…

This Manitoba success story picked up a national award over the weekend, taking the Lauriers de la PME Start-Up category! 

More Funding for Startups

The Manitoba government made some impressive announcements on Monday:

Three-year $300k grants to Startup Winnipeg, a non-profit volunteer organization dedicated to providing support and community for startups.

TechFutures, a program to provide financial assistance, training, and business counseling for up to 20 young entrepreneurs every year.

This is all fantastic news for the every-growing startup community that’s been building for the last few years, thanks to guys like Chris Johnson who really pushed the idea and formed it into what Startup Winnipeg is today.

Chris actually operates his own startup, Permission Click, which has been winning awards and is getting attention throughout North America. By the way, it was an idea that grew out of a Rampup Weekend event – the next one is November 21 – 23, go check it out of you can!

Winnipeg – Technology Conference Hub

This past October Winnipeg held the SDEC – Software Development and Evolution Conference, which brings technologists and Agile/Lean experts together every year.

This weekend the Prairie Developer Conference closed its call for speakers and will be announcing the March 2015 event lineup soon.

*Note: These events aren’t specific to this past weekend, but highlight that people from around the world are coming to Winnipeg to meet and discuss the future of technology, process, and industry.

What’s Coming in 2015?

There’s been a tension building for quite some time here – those that felt their options shouldn’t just be to “stay and settle” or leave for greener pastures. Manitoba has challenges like anywhere else, but its the tenacity and persistence of the citizens here to not accept the status quo that’s bolstering this new era of technology, business, and growth. Keep an eye on us, we’re just getting started.

What Microsoft’s Announcements Mean to Partners

This week Microsoft made some announcements around open sourcing the .NET Framework, providing Visual Studio Community edition for free, and showed off their ability to develop across platforms. For developers this was a huge win on a number of fronts, and everyone is applauding what they’ve done – including me.

Partners, maybe not so much.

For those unaware, Microsoft has always had a strong relationship with their partners and its a big source of revenue for them. Microsoft does have a consulting group, but its very small compared to the global partner network they’ve built. The model typically goes that partners sell customers on Microsoft solutions, where Microsoft gets the license revenue and partners get the services/consulting revenue. Where friction comes into play is when Microsoft pivots on products and services; if you’re a partner for a specific product and Microsoft stops supporting it, or changes its strategy around it, then you also need to pivot. Consider all the IT partners who have been installing on-premise Windows servers who are now being told that the future isn’t on-premise but in the cloud. Or the Lync partners who have built up marketing materials that need to all be changed since Lync is being rebranded Skype for Business in the new year? Or the custom app-dev shops that were the darlings of Microsoft in 2000 – 2010, but now go unnoticed unless they’re integrating their solutions with some aspect of Azure.

Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella made a comment recently that spelt out pretty clearly where Microsot is focusing their efforts:

There is Windows, there is Office 365, and there is Azure. That’s it.

Now of course there’s more than that. Surface and Windows Phone grow out of Windows. SharePoint is part of Office 365. Azure runs anything and spans developers, IT pros, and system integrators. But at its core, these three things are what Microsoft is focused on.

Now, if you’re a partner focused on anything other than these three things, where does that leave you? And that has always been the double edged sword of Microsoft partnership – or partnership with any 3rd party vendor: when they pivot, you need to pivot. While there is money to be made in a partnership agreement, being a Microsoft partner is not a 50/50 arrangement. Microsoft sets the course, communicates the coordinates, and its up to each partner to decide whether or not to follow. And that could be a discussion that happens as frequently as every year.

So yes, developers should celebrate the announcements and we should all celebrate the changes Microsoft is implementing. But from a partner viewpoint, the days of custom software development *on* the Microsoft platform being important to Microsoft is over. The days of on-premise licenses being important to Microsoft is over too. Time to pivot.

Roam Mobility Review and Rogers Comparison

On a recent trip to Seattle I used Roam Mobility, a service that offers Canadians travelling to the US with greatly reduced cell phone fees compared to roaming with our big telcos. Here’s my review of the service.

Set Up

With Roam, you purchase either a SIM card or a device. I purchased a SIM card for my Nokia 920 at my local Staples. That’s one pro of Roam that’s changed over the years – there are LOTS of retail locations that sell their SIM cards now, so its easy to fine one…even here in Winnipeg.

One thing I would mention is that you the consumer need to know what *type* of SIM card you require. I never even though about this when I bought my first Roam SIM , so I got the wrong size for my phone. Luckily I didn’t open it and was able to exchange it.

Setting up your services with Roam is somewhat simple. I say somewhat because their online ordering is a little…different.

image Once you create your account and activate your SIM card, you can top it up with different services. The UI is actually very straightforward, but jarringly different from what other online experiences offer. It’s definitely better, but I noticed today when I took the screenshot to the left that they’ve added little tool tips to help people along. This is a good thing, but make no mistake – they’re the ones doing the right thing.

After upgrading my SIM to allow for 4G LTE data speeds, I opted for a talk-text-data plan, which gave me 400 MB of 4G LTE data per day in addition to unlimited calling and texting (even long distance calling back to Canada!). I also decided to add on an extra 300 MB of 4G LTE data. Note that if you hit your limit on 4G LTE data you *still have unlimited data*, it just downgrades to 2G speeds.


I had no problems with usage. Remember your phone must already be unlocked before you can use the Roam SIM card. Once you have the new SIM in place, you alter your APN settings (very easy step in my case and Roam offers walkthrough instructions), and that’s it – you’re on the Roam Mobility network!

I was in the Seattle area, and I had absolutely no issues with connectivity, using data, texting, or calling home. I cannot tell you how incredibly impressed I was with the service! Seriously, I experienced absolutely no issues whatsoever once I was on the Roam network. However, I was at a conference in early October in Atlanta and a colleague there was using Roam and had issues using data. Knowing that cellular service varies from place to place even with the same carrier, my comments should be taken in the context of the Seattle area only.


I did *not* use Roam Mobility for that conference in October – I used Rogers default roaming rates. So let’s compare Roam and Rogers over similar trips and see what value I received and the cost for each.


5 Day Trip to US

4 Day Trip to US

Long Distance Calling


Didn’t have a plan, so used Skype



$7.50 (10 sent x .75)


Unlimited 2G,
400 MB per day 4G LTE
(+ 300 MB add on)

$31.96 for 200 MB
($7.99/50 MB per day)

Total Cost



A few comments on the pricing:

There is an up-front cost for the Roam SIM card, but its a one-time $20 cost. Comparing the two trips above and that I was able to make lengthy long distance calls home and had no concerns about texting throughout my trip, even with that cost it’s cheaper than if I had called/texted with Rogers.

Also note that the 50 MB of data Rogers offers is PER DAY. I call that out because I paid almost $32 dollars for 200 MB of data over four days, but I actually used under 70 MB over my trip!

Because Roam’s pricing is based on unlimited calls/texts/data per day, I didn’t have to think about my usage unlike Rogers which is entirely based on a per-usage scenario. Also because of the type of plan I have, I can’t take advantage of the new Roger’s Roam Like Home plan (you’ll see why below), so while I could sign up for one of the Travel Packs from Rogers I find them expensive and awkward (if I only have a 4 day trip planned in a month to the US, why do I need a plan that covers 31 days?).

Roam is UNBELIEVABLY cheaper than Rogers and yet offers so much more value! It makes you really wonder how the big telcos can get away with gouging us on roaming fees.

But what about Rogers new $5 roaming plan?

This week Rogers announced a new roaming plan – for $5 per day you get the same services you currently get with your Rogers plan. That *sounds* like a good deal, but depending on what your current plan is it may not be. The crux of the $5 deal: You Need a Share Everything Plan.

I have the rate plan they offered a few years ago, with 6 GB of data, unlimited text, and 200 weekday minutes with unlimited evenings/weekends. Because I’m on that plan and not the Share Everything plans they currently offer, I don’t qualify for the $5 roaming.

Even a bigger kicker – if I did switch to a Share Everything plan, I would start paying $125 for the same level of services and data as I’m paying $60 a month for currently! ARE YOU KIIDDING ME ROGERS?!

So for those who are forced into the new Share Everything plans, the $5 is a good deal. But just realize you’re getting gouged on your regular bill anyway so you’re not *really* gaining anything.


Roam Mobility provided fantastic service for me while in the Seattle area. They were better on cost, options, and service than Rogers hands down. I will absolutely use Roam Mobility for future trips to the US!

Demystifying the Cloud Presentation Posted

I had the opportunity to talk about “Demystifying the Cloud” last week at the SDEC conference here in Winnipeg. I recorded the presentation last night with audio commentary for those who missed it at the conference or for those that would be interested to see it.

In the 20 min video I cover at a high level cloud concepts – how do we define what cloud computing is, what are the models of cloud and cloud offerings, and considerations like geolocation, tech stack, and security.


Check Out the Prairie Dev Con Podcast

Back in June I started recording a podcast under my conference’s banner (Prairie Dev Con). So far there’s 5 episodes covering topics like ASP.NET, cloud, security, agile, and the recent Xamarin conference.

You can get all the info on the podcast here:



Report Card is Out, Time to Do Homework Manitoba!

News outlets are having a field day trumpeting that “Manitoba Gr 8 Students Rank Dead Last in Canada” thanks to a recently released report called the PCAP 2013 – Report on the Pan-Canadian Assessment of Science, Reading, and Mathematics. You can read the full report here.

The Minister for education is already making the rounds on radio and will be announcing something at 10AM. The opposition will lambaste them on why our students are doing so poorly and how this is a blight for Manitoba against the backdrop of Canada. People will demand to know what our teachers are doing (or aren’t doing) and on and on it will go.

But let’s boil down what the report actually says. We got better at Math, we got worse at reading, and while they didn’t provide year-to-year comparisons on sciences we can assume from the numbers that we have some work to do there.

Check it out – we got BETTER at math! This is a good thing. We got WORSE at reading – this is a concerning trend. But now that we know, we can take action.

I don’t see this report as being negative. I see this as a great source of information for our schools and school boards to use to adjust curriculum and approaches. Don’t think that will help any? Again – WE GOT BETTER AT MATH! So obviously we are doing something right.

The whole backdrop of Canada is a red herring – don’t fall for it. Firstly, if your goal is to be better than everyone else you’re focusing on the wrong thing. I work out at least 3 times a week and I’m seeing gains. Will I ever look like The Rock? No. Should I be disappointed in my gym gains because of that? Of course not! Same here – our focus needs to be on Manitoba and how to make us better than we were last year.

And before we start grilling school officials on what our teachers are doing, we as parents need to start looking at what *we* are doing at home. Are we following up on homework? Are we touching base with teachers regularly to get updates on how our kids are doing? Are we trying to incorporate activities that will bolster their abilities in reading, math, and science?

I think its great that we have this information from the PCAP 2013 report! It gives us the information on where to focus our efforts to change things and to continue doing the things that are showing results.

So chill out Manitoba, all this means is we have some more homework to do.

Monday Morning Thoughts – Apple Has Fans, Not Sheep

So the iPhone 6 was released last week and with that comes the numerous comments about sheep. Here’s a sampling from Twitter:

“I saw a bunch of people in line outside an Apple Store for the iPhone 6 and I fell asleep. Turns out counting sheep really does work.”

“How do you milk a sheep? Release an iPhone”

“Trolling iPhone 6 users at work. Such sheep. They don’t get it.”

“You know what I'm not doing today? Buying an iPhone 6. Maybe I should have written this in "baaa" so all you sheep could read it.”

I used to think along the same terms, but now I have a different point of view. Actually, its not just that – its an appreciation for what Apple has been able to do over the years: build a rabidly-loyal fan base.

Apple took technology and made it cool for the everyday-person. In Seth Godin terms, they created a tribe around their brand. Consider this passage from Godin’s book “Tribes”:

The secret of leadership is simple: Do what you believe in. Paint a picture of the future. Go there. People will follow.

Once you choose to lead you’ll be under huge pressure to reconsider, to compromise, to dumb it down, or to give up. Of course you will. That’s the world’s job: to get you to be quiet and follow. The status quo is the status quo for a reason. But once you choose to lead, you’ll also discover that it’s not so difficult. That the options available to you seem really clear, and that yes, in fact, you can get from here to there. Go.

While many companies were trying to build a customer base, Apple was building a fan base. The difference is that a fan base has some element of loyalty tied to it; of connectedness, of ownership. It makes no logical sense but neither do fans of major sports teams – people will follow, cheer, buy merchandise, plan vacations/trips , and decorate houses/cars/etc. around sports teams that they have no other affiliation with besides residing in the same city or state/province (and that isn’t even the base criteria to be a fan – you could live on the other side of the planet and still cheer for a team). And even when things are bad, fans still stick behind their team.

Apple has created that for themselves. The people lining up for the new iPhone 6 are not sheep, they are fans. They have bought in to the idea of what being part of the Apple Tribe is about and will support their “team” to the bitter end. Those that make sheep comments do so out of jealousy and/or misunderstanding of what they’re witnessing – a continued case study in how to create a loyal fan base that propels a business to places unfathomable.

Seriously, Screw CASL

Legislation will go into effect July 1st restricting who businesses can contact via email, or direct messaging on social media sites, to only those that “opt in”. I’m sure the politicians think this is a fantastic win for consumers and will go far to eliminate unwanted email. Of course, they’re politicians which means they live in a realm far removed from reality.

Then you have the businesses themselves who are just reminded of all this a few weeks/months ago (even though, yes, this technically had been known about for much longer). Now everyone is freaking out trying to understand the rules because, since politicians wrote them up, they’re confusing and unclear.

Take the Edmonton Humane Society who is trying to contact its more than 50 thousand individuals that it sends information to on a regular basis. Wait…but aren’t they a charity? Aren’t they exempt? As their director explains in this CBC story, its “not entirely clear how exempt they are” with both CRTC and lawyers saying they “can’t interpret the legislation for them”.

Let that sink in. Politicians have made this law. CRTC is in charge of enforcing it. But there’s no history, no actual application of the law for anyone to really know whether those million-dollar fines will ever be a reality or not. And all the while criminals who are sending phishing attacks and other email scams will continue on.

The CRTC has already said they’re understaffed to manage the expected hundreds of complaints sent in PER DAY.

I think firming up the rules around needing a proper un-subscribe method is good. I don’t think pushing the penalties ahead of how the CRTC will act is wise. And honestly everyone is in worst-case mode because we haven’t seen this law applied in court. We need precedent before knowing whether CASL has teeth or not.

In the meantime, Canadian businesses bare the burden of decisions made in that alternate reality called Parliament Hill. Screw CASL.

Are You a School Thinking of Using iPads/Tablets?

My daughter’s junior high school is wrapping up its first year with an iPad program. In this program, every junior high student in the division gets an iPad Mini. To collect feedback on the program they put out a survey asking parents what they thought. Included was a field for comments and I want to share what I wrote so schools, or parents with kids attending schools, who are thinking of adopting an iPad or other tablet/BYOD program can learn to avoid some of the pitfalls we experienced in our first year.

Class is in session, let’s begin…

As someone in the IT industry there were a number of concerns I’d like to raise about the iPad program. Let me first say that I think integrating technology into the school curriculum is fantastic and I applaud the School Division for attempting this. As will always happen with new programs, there will be things to adjust. My feedback is intended to raise issues I believe need to be looked at closer.

Teacher Awareness and Training

It became obvious throughout the year that teachers were not trained in utilizing iPads effectively/properly in the classroom or given the opportunity/time to create ways to integrate the technology with the existing curriculum. The extent of iPad use by my child was Math vs. Zombies, creating videos and presentations for classes, email (we’ll get to that in a second), and using a fitness app which required them to lie about their age to access the content. The perception formed is that teachers were given these devices without adequate guidance or time to integrate the devices/applications into the curriculum delivery plan. I would suggest that teachers be given direction and time to determine how to best integrate applications and usage scenarios into the day-to-day teaching.

Security and Device Management

Security was not thought through for this program and my fear is that many parents who are not as technically savvy left their children open to various vulnerabilities. There is no reason that parents should have been left to oversee the management and security of a school-provided device.

The tablets should have been maintained centrally through the division, as other organizations do. Parents who did not want their children to have email accounts, let alone Apple IDs, were forced to create them anyway – regardless of whether they were used or not. That the school required students to know their Apple ID resulted in students being given the ability to load and install applications on their iPads. My daughter’s friends had Instagram, Facebook, and other social media applications installed and accounts created; some of these restrict users to being 18 or older. This is important – the iPad program allowed students access to social networks their parents may not have known about and that the school was not policing! Furthermore because internet usage was only controlled through the school’s network, parents may have been unaware of their children’s internet activities either through home or free wi-fi access points. If the iPads were not easily configurable to be centrally managed by the division, then perhaps these were the wrong device to be selected for this initiative.

When we were told the students would be using iCloud, the assumption (wrongly) that I made was it was going to be cloud-based storage for uploading class assignments and *not* an email address that students would use for contact with teachers and students. This was an email account that parents were not given access to. The school division provided a communication channel that parents had absolutely no insight or control of and I believe in many cases without our awareness or permission. If I had known an iCloud account equated to an email account, I would have had a much different discussion with my daughter and possibly with the school. Parents must be told how their children will be interacting online when mandated by the school.

Guidance on Online Behaviour – Students and Parents

To my knowledge there was little (if any) instruction or discussion about online behaviour. In a time when we’re heightened to bullying, the school division enabled every child to potentially be an online bully, to be victimized by online predators, or to simply make mistakes that will stay with these kids for their lives (i.e. posting pictures/videos). Sessions on the internet – how to be safe, how you should interact with others online, how to protect oneself, how to identify devious behaviour (phishing, email/social media scams, etc.) – should have been part of the program.

Additionally there must be more resources and support for parents who are left with managing many aspects of the iPads outside of the school. Not everyone is tech savvy or has access to people who can help. As someone in technology (as I’m sure other parents are), I’d have no problem volunteering to help with workshops or information sessions to help parents fully understand their role in this initiative. I’d encourage you to reach out to parents as resources in this way.

In Summary

Thrilled that we’re encouraging students to take advantage of technology.

Technology for its own sake does not solve problems, it only introduces them.

We need to protect our children better. More security, education, and oversight is required.

We need teachers to have a plan on how to integrate the iPads/applications into the curriculum.

We need parents to be more involved in the program.

If you have any other questions or would like to discuss further, please let me know.


D’Arcy Lussier

Answers to Conference Revenue Tweet Questions

I tweeted this the other day…


…and I had some people tweet back questioning/asking about the profit number. So here’s how I came to that figure.

Total Revenue

Let’s talk total revenue first. This conference has a huge list of companies/organizations paying some amount for sponsorship.

Platinum ($1500) x 5 = $7500

Gold ($1000) x 3 = $3000

Silver ($500) x 9 = $4500

Bronze ($250) x 13 = $3250

There’s also a title sponsor level but there’s no mention of how much that is…more than $1500 though, so let’s just say $2500.

Total Sponsorship Revenue: $20750.00

For registrations, this conference is claiming over 300 attendees. We’ll just calculate at 300 and the discounted “member rate” – $249.

Total Registration Revenue: $74700.00

Booth space is also sold for a vendor area, but let’s just leave that out of the calculation.

Total Event Revenue: $95450.00

Now that we know how much money we’re playing with, let’s knock out the costs for the event.

Total Costs

Hard Costs

Audio/Visual Services $2000

Conference Rooms (4 Breakouts + Plenary) $2500

Insurance $700

Printing/Signage $1500

Travel/Hotel Rooms $2000

Keynotes $2000

So let’s talk about these hard costs first. First you may be asking about the Audio Visual. Yes those services can be that high, actually higher. But since there’s an A/V company touted as the official A/V provider, I gotta think there’s some discount for being branded as such.

Conference rooms are actually an inflated amount of $500 per. Venues make money on the food they sell at events, not on room rentals. The more food, the cheaper the rooms tend to be offered at. Still, for the sake of argument, let’s set the rooms at $500 each knowing that they could be lower.

For travel and hotel rooms…it appears that most of the speakers at this conference are local, meaning there’s no travel or hotel cost. But a few of them I wasn’t too sure…so let’s factor in enough to cover two outside speakers (airfare and hotel).

There are two keynotes for this event and depending on the event those may be paid gigs. I’m not sure if they are or not, but considering the closing one is a comedian I’m going to add some funds here for that just in case.

Total Hard Costs: $10700

Now that the hard costs are out of the way, let’s talk about the food costs.

Food Costs

The conference is providing a continental breakfast (YEEEESH!), some level of luncheon, and I have to assume coffee breaks in between. Let’s look at those costs.

Continental Breakfast $12 per person

Lunch Buffet $18 per person

Coffee Breaks (2) $6 per person (or $3 a cup)

Snacks (2) $10 per person (or $5 each)

Note that the lunch buffet assumes a *good* lunch buffet – two entrees, starch, vegetable, salads, and bread. Not sure if there’ll be snacks during coffee breaks but let’s assume so.

Total Food Cost Per Person: $46

Food Cost: $14950

Gratuity: $2691

Total Food Cost: $17641

Total food cost is based on the $46 per person cost x 325. 300 for attendance, 12 for speakers, extra 13 for volunteers/organizers. Gratuity is 18%.

Grand Totals

So let’s sum things up here.

Total Costs

Hard Costs: $10700.00

Food Costs: $17641.00

Total:          $28341.00

Taxes:         $3685.00

Grand Total  $32026.00

Total Revenue

Sponsorship  $20750

Registration   $74700

Grand Total   $95450.00

Total Profit


Now what if the registration numbers were lower and they only got 100 people to show up. In that scenario there’d still be a profit of just under $26000.

Closing Comments

A couple of things to note:

- I haven’t factored in anything for prizes. Not sure if any will be given out

- We didn’t add in the booth space revenue

- We’re assuming speakers aren’t getting paid, but even if they were at the high end its $12000 ($1000 per session), which is probably an inflated number for local speakers.

- Note that all registrations were set to the “member” discounted price. The non-member registration price is higher. There is also an option for those that just want to show up for the opening keynote.

There you have it! Let me know if you have any questions.